sâmbătă, 9 octombrie 2010

Open-and-shot


Caricature is a picture that represents a person or situation by exaggerating certain traits or characteristics intentional. It can be considered the quintessence of the art. First ironic notation was created 7000 years ago on an Egyptian papyrus; you remember certainly thouse mythological parodies scenes on Greek vases, or first know caricature of a politician from Pompeii. In the Middle Ages caricatures were executed by prominent artists of those times: Leonardo da Vinci's drawings or Calla's stylish drawings caves, Bosch or Goya in the history of graphics caricature. 

The beginning of the cartoon itself is due to British artist William Hogarth (1697-1764).The second England's largest caricaturist is considered Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1872).The third important exponent of early caricature in United Kingdom is George Cruikshank (1792-1878). In Germany, Daniel Chodowiecki published satirical drawings in the almanacs edited in Berlin in 1770 commenting by graphic the lifestyle of German society. In France, the most important cartoonist was Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) and in Russia, the caricature comes in early nineteenth century, by Alexander Orlowski(1777-1832), a Polish talented painter,a draftsman and graphic artis, born in Warsaw,a refugee in St. Petersburg where he lived to the end of his life.  In Romania,the caricature appears between 1830-1860, once with the formation of national consciousness. Some of prominent representatives of the Romanian graphic caricature of that time were Murnu A., I.Iser, N.Tonitza Ressu C. After 1944, the caricatures has become a means of propaganda in the service of the Communists. 

In conclusion caricature is a historical source, a visual document, an interesting witness of history, especially for the XIX - XX centuries, an attractive tool in a suggestive manner and always been the great source of fun for almost everyone as it represents the essence of a person or a thing in a very exaggerated manner, a manner that creates a unique and very amusing visual portrait like the ones below presented of some famous celebrity. 

















(Source of pictures:BoardJournal.com)
 

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